History of Ghana and how Dr Nkrumah was overthrown.
Ghana, located in West Africa, has a long and complex history. The region that is now Ghana has been inhabited by various ethnic groups for thousands of years, and it has been the site of several powerful empires, including the Ashanti Empire and the Kingdom of Ghana.
In the 15th century, the Portuguese established a trading post on the coast of Ghana, and other European powers soon followed.
Over the next several centuries, the region became a major center of the transatlantic slave trade, with millions of Africans being forcibly taken from their homes and sent to the Americas.
In the late 19th century, Ghana became a British colony, and it remained under British control until it gained independence in 1957.
The first President of Ghana was Kwame Nkrumah, a charismatic leader who played a key role in the country’s struggle for independence.
Under Nkrumah’s leadership, Ghana embarked on an ambitious program of economic development and social reform. The government nationalized key industries, invested heavily in education and healthcare, and worked to improve infrastructure and housing.
Nkrumah also played an active role in pan-African politics, advocating for the unity of African states and working to end colonialism across the continent.
Despite these achievements, Nkrumah’s government became increasingly authoritarian and repressive over time. In 1964, he declared Ghana a one-party state and began cracking down on political dissent. The economy began to stagnate, and corruption became rampant.
In 1966, while Nkrumah was out of the country on a diplomatic mission, the military staged a coup and overthrew his government.
Nkrumah went into exile and spent the rest of his life in Guinea, where he continued to advocate for African unity and independence.
The coup that overthrew Nkrumah’s government was led by a group of military officers who were dissatisfied with his leadership. They formed the National Liberation Council (NLC) and began a period of military rule that lasted until 1969.
The NLC abolished the one-party state and reinstated multi-party democracy, but it also maintained many of the authoritarian practices of the previous government.
Since then, Ghana has experienced several periods of military rule, as well as periods of democratic governance. Today, it is a stable and relatively prosperous democracy, with a diverse economy that includes agriculture, mining, and manufacturing.