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what causes high cholesterol to the body?

what causes high cholesterol to the body?
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what causes high cholesterol to the body?

High cholesterol, specifically high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, can be caused by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. Here are some common causes of high cholesterol:

  1. Poor Diet: Consuming foods that are high in saturated fats and trans fats can increase LDL cholesterol levels. These unhealthy fats are often found in red meat, full-fat dairy products, fried foods, processed snacks, and baked goods.
  2. Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of regular physical activity or exercise can contribute to high cholesterol levels. Being physically inactive can lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, which is considered “good” cholesterol that helps remove LDL cholesterol from the bloodstream.
  3. Obesity: Being overweight or obese is linked to higher LDL cholesterol and lower HDL cholesterol levels. Excess body weight can disrupt normal cholesterol metabolism and increase the production of LDL cholesterol.
  4. Genetics: In some cases, high cholesterol may be inherited from family members. This condition is called familial hypercholesterolemia and is caused by genetic mutations that affect the body’s ability to remove LDL cholesterol from the bloodstream efficiently.
  5. Age and Gender: Cholesterol levels tend to increase with age. Men typically have higher cholesterol levels than premenopausal women, but after menopause, women’s cholesterol levels tend to rise.
  6. Smoking: Smoking damages blood vessels and lowers HDL cholesterol, making it easier for LDL cholesterol to accumulate in the arteries.
  7. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions can contribute to high cholesterol levels, such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, chronic kidney disease, and liver diseases.

It’s important to note that while diet and lifestyle play a significant role in cholesterol levels, some individuals may have high cholesterol even with a healthy lifestyle due to genetic factors.

Regular cholesterol screenings and consultation with a healthcare professional can help identify the underlying causes and determine the appropriate treatment or management plan.

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Read also: High cholesterol – Symptoms and causes

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